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English Words And Expressions



  1. Amenable means willing or agreeable to something.
  2. The word prevailing has two main meanings:
    3. Most common or widespread.
    4. Having the upper hand or being victorious.
  3. The word incumbent has two main meanings:
    1. Currently holding an office or position.
    2. Necessary to do or be done.
  4. The word besets means to trouble or harass constantly, or to surround or attack from all sides. It is often used to describe difficult or challenging situations.
  5. The word residual has two main meanings:
  6. Remaining after the main part has been taken or used.
  7. Not essential or important.
  8. The word conscientious means careful and painstaking, and having a strong moral sense; guided by conscience.
  9. Repugnant means highly offensive or disagreeable, and it is often used to describe things that are morally wrong. It can also be used to describe things that are simply unpleasant or distasteful.
  10. Salience means importance or prominence. It is the quality of being noticeable or attracting attention. Something that is salient is easy to see, hear, or understand. It is also something that is important or relevant to a particular situation.
  11. Converged means to move or tend towards a common point or result. It can also mean to come together and unite in a common interest or focus.
  12. Abolition means the act of officially ending or stopping something. It can be used to refer to the ending of a law, practice, or institution.
  13. Stifle means to suppress or repress something. It can also mean to prevent something from happening or growing.
  14. Advocacy is the act of speaking or writing in favor of something, especially a cause, policy, or idea. It is the process of supporting and enabling people to express their views and wishes, and to help them stand up for their rights.


  1. Proponents are people who support or advocate for something.
  2. Cash nexus is a term used to describe the reduction of all human relationships to monetary exchange, especially in the context of capitalism. It is the idea that all aspects of our lives, from our work to our relationships, are ultimately mediated by money.
  3. The word "modicum" means a small amount or quantity, typically of something desirable or positive. It is often used to emphasize that the amount is small but still significant or sufficient.
  4. Mercantilism is an economic system that promotes government intervention in the economy in order to maximize a country's exports and minimize its imports. Mercantilists believed that a country's wealth was measured by its holdings of gold and silver, and that the best way to increase a country's wealth was to export more goods and services than it imported.
  5. The word "pervasive" means "spreading widely and thoroughly." It is often used to describe something that is so widespread that it is difficult or impossible to escape. For example, you might say that the smell of freshly baked bread is pervasive in a bakery, or that the influence of social media is pervasive in modern society.
  6. The phrase "Achilles' heel" refers to a person's or system's weakness or vulnerability. The term originates from Greek mythology, specifically the story of the warrior Achilles. In the myth, Achilles' mother, Thetis, dipped him in the River Styx to make him immortal. However, she held him by the heel, which remained the only part of his body that was not invulnerable.
  7. The term "proletariat" refers to the working class, or the social class of wage-earners who do not own the means of production. The term was coined by Karl Marx in his work The Communist Manifesto. Marx believed that the proletariat was the only class that could overthrow capitalism and create a classless society.
  8. The word "curtail" means to reduce or limit something, or to stop something before it is finished. It can also mean to shorten or make something smaller. For example, you might say that the government curtailed spending in order to reduce the budget deficit, or that the teacher had to curtail the field trip because of bad weather.
  9. The word "suffrage" means the right to vote in an election. It is often used in the context of political rights and representation. For example, you might say that women were granted suffrage in the United States in 1920, or that the suffragettes were a group of activists who fought for women's right to vote.
  10. The word "politicize" means to make something political, or to bring it into the realm of politics. This can be done by talking about something in a political way, or by making it a matter of public debate. For example, you might say that the media politicized the issue of climate change, or that the government politicized the issue of gun control.
  11. The word "usurp" means to take control or possession of something by force or without right. It is often used to describe the seizure of power, such as when a general overthrows a government or a pretender claims the throne. The word can also be used more figuratively, such as when someone says that a company is usurping the role of government or that technology is usurping human interaction.
  12. The word "perpetuation" means the act of prolonging or causing something to exist indefinitely. It is often used to describe the continuation of a tradition, practice, or belief.


  1. Avowed means openly acknowledged or declared. It is often used to describe someone or something that is not secret or hidden. For example, an "avowed atheist" is someone who openly declares that they do not believe in God. An "avowed enemy" is someone who openly admits that they are an enemy of someone or something.
  2. The word "abhorred" is the past tense and past participle of the verb "abhor". It means to feel or show extreme hatred or disgust for something or someone.
  3. The word "disowns" means to refuse to acknowledge or accept as belonging or pertaining to oneself. It can also mean to renounce or repudiate. For example, a parent might disown their child if the child committed a serious crime. A government might disown a treaty if it believes that the treaty is no longer in its best interests.
  4. As a noun, "shed" refers to a small, simple building, typically used for storage or shelter. Sheds are often found in backyards or gardens, and they can be used to store a variety of things, such as tools, gardening equipment, lawnmowers, and bicycles.
  5. A dike is an embankment or wall built to control the flow of water, especially to prevent flooding. Dikes are often used in coastal areas to protect land from the sea, and in inland areas to protect land from rivers and lakes.
  6. The word emancipation has several different meanings, but it generally refers to the process of being set free from something that is controlling or restricting you. For example, the emancipation of slaves from slavery in the United States was a major turning point in American history.
  7. Parliamentarism is a system of government in which the executive branch is accountable to the legislature. In a parliamentary system, the head of government, usually the prime minister, is a member of the legislature and must maintain the confidence of a majority of the legislature in order to remain in office.
  8. The word "mobilization" has a variety of meanings, but in general it refers to the act of preparing and organizing something for a specific purpose.
  9. In computer terminology, a Trojan horse, or simply a Trojan, is a type of malware that is disguised as legitimate software. Once a Trojan is installed on a computer, it can execute a variety of harmful actions, such as stealing data, installing other malware, or disrupting the computer's operation. Trojans are often spread through email attachments, file-sharing websites, and malicious websites.
  10. The word "sophisticated" has multiple meanings, but it generally refers to something that is complex, refined, or worldly.
  11. The word "penetrate" has several meanings, but it generally refers to the act of entering or moving into something.
    • To pierce or pass into or through
    • To enter the interior of
    • To arrive at the truth or meaning of something
    • To influence or affect something deeply
  12. The word "orthodoxy" has two main meanings:
  13. Adherence to correct or accepted creeds, especially in religion. In this sense, orthodoxy refers to the set of beliefs that are considered to be true or correct by a particular religious tradition. For example, one might say that a person is "orthodox" if they believe in all of the doctrines of the Catholic Church.
  14. Conformity to prevailing ideas or practices.
  15. To show clearly or make something evident: This is the most common meaning of "demonstrated" as a verb. It implies providing clear proof or evidence to support something.
  16. The word "emancipatory" means "tending to free from restraint or control." It is often used in the context of social or political movements that seek to liberate people from oppression or discrimination. For example, the abolition of slavery was an emancipatory movement, as was the women's suffrage movement.
  17. The word emancipatory means "to free from restraint, control, or the power of another." It can also mean "to release from parental care and responsibility and make sui juris." The word is often used in the context of social and political liberation, as in the phrase "emancipatory education" or "emancipatory politics."
  18. The word "eradicate" means to destroy something completely, as if down to the roots. It is a strong word that implies the complete elimination of something, not just its suppression or control.
  19. The word "forebears" is a noun that means "ancestor" or "precursor." It is often used in the plural form to refer to a person's ancestors.
  20. Variability is the degree to which a set of values or data points tend to be different from the mean or average value. It is a measure of the spread or dispersion of data.
  21. "Clings" means to stick or adhere tightly to something. It can also mean to hold on to something tightly, as if for support or protection. Additionally, it can mean to be closely associated with something, either physically or mentally.
  22. The word "underpins" has two main meanings:
    1. 1. To support or reinforce something from underneath. For example, a foundation underpins a building, or a system of beliefs underpins a society.
    2. 2. To provide the basis or foundation for something. For example, evidence underpins a theory, or a strong work ethic underpins success.